What GAO Discovered
The Facilities for Illness Regulate and Prevention (CDC) performs a key function involved tracing for air go back and forth—the method of figuring out and notifying passengers who could have come into touch with an individual inflamed with a communicable illness all through a flight. On the other hand, a number of components impact CDC’s talent to gather well timed, correct, and whole air passenger knowledge to reinforce touch tracing by means of native public well being government. As an example, airways would possibly not have correct and whole details about passengers to percentage with CDC for the reason that touch knowledge supplied to ebook a price tag is also for a 3rd birthday party, like a go back and forth agent, no longer for passengers. Additional, as a result of no unmarried, whole, and dependable supply of passenger knowledge exists, CDC frequently conducts analysis to fill in gaps, extending the time it takes to percentage knowledge with native public well being government.
Evaluation of Procedure for Accumulating Air Passengers’ Touch Data
Because the get started of the COVID-19 pandemic, CDC has taken some movements to beef up the standard of knowledge it collects. As an example, since November 2021, CDC has required airways to gather positive knowledge—together with title, telephone quantity, e-mail, and bodily cope with—not more than 72 hours prior to departure from passengers touring on flights into america and to transmit the guidelines to CDC in an outlined layout.
On the other hand, obstacles in how CDC collects and manages air passengers’ touch knowledge—together with CDC’s use of an old-fashioned information control device—impede the company’s talent to watch public well being dangers and facilitate touch tracing. The information control device—evolved within the mid-2000s—was once no longer designed for speedy evaluation or aggregation of public well being information throughout particular person instances. As an example, CDC is not able to briefly and appropriately establish the collection of passengers uncovered to a selected inflamed passenger on a flight. Nor does the device comprise the essential information fields to evaluate the standard of air passenger knowledge CDC receives, equivalent to a box to resolve the timeliness of airways’ responses to CDC’s request. Because of this, CDC isn’t located to successfully analyze and disseminate information to tell public well being insurance policies and reply to illness threats. Neither is it located to judge its efficiency in amassing and sharing high quality passenger knowledge.
Why GAO Did This Learn about
The COVID-19 pandemic has underscored the significance of public well being measures aimed toward controlling the transmission of communicable illnesses. Air go back and forth can play a job in briefly spreading communicable illnesses the world over and during communities. Given this doable, touch tracing for air passengers is the most important measure for safeguarding public well being.
GAO was once requested to inspect CDC’s procedure for amassing and managing air passengers’ touch knowledge to facilitate touch tracing. This file addresses: (1) the criteria that impact CDC’s talent to gather this data, (2) fresh movements CDC has taken to beef up the standard of the guidelines it collects, and (3) how successfully it collects and manages this data.
GAO reviewed related federal documentation, together with rules, orders, technical steering, and public feedback, in addition to to be had CDC information. GAO additionally interviewed officers from CDC, U.S. Customs and Border Coverage, and the Federal Aviation Management, and decided on representatives from the aviation, go back and forth, and public well being industries.